Included in recombination theme

Research area: immunology

Persisting fetal clonotypes influence the structure and overlap of adult human T cell receptor repertoires

Created on 9th February 2016

Mikhail V Pogorelyy; Yuval Elhanati; Quentin Marcou; Anastasia L Sycheva; Ekaterina A Komech; Vadim I Nazarov; Olga V Britanova; Dmitriy M Chudakov; Ilgar Z Mamedov; Yuri B Lebedev; Thierry Mora; Aleksandra M Walczak;

The diversity of T-cell receptors recognizing foreign pathogens is generated through a highly stochastic recombination process, making the independent production of the same sequence rare. Yet unrelated individuals do share receptors, which together constitute a “public” repertoire of abundant clonotypes. The TCR repertoire is initially formed prenatally, when the enzyme inserting random nucleotides is downregulated, producing a limited diversity subset. By statistically analyzing deep sequencing T-cell repertoire data from twins, unrelated individuals of various ages, and cord blood, we show that T-cell clones generated before birth persist and maintain high abundances in adult organisms for decades, slowly decaying with age. Our results suggest that large, low-diversity public clones are created during pregnancy, and survive over long periods, providing the basis of the public repertoire.

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