Presented at ICG12

The first near-complete assembly of the hexaploid bread wheat genome, <i>Triticum aestivum</i>

Created on 3rd July 2017

This paper has been published in GigaScience.

Aleksey V. Zimin; Daniela Puiu; Richard Hall; Sarah Kingan; Steven L. Salzberg;

Common bread wheat, Triticum aestivum, has one of the most complex genomes known to science, with 6 copies of each chromosome, enormous numbers of near-identical sequences scattered throughout, and an overall size of more than 15 billion bases. Multiple past attempts to assemble the genome have failed. Here we report the first successful assembly of T. aestivum, using deep sequencing coverage from a combination of short Illumina reads and very long Pacific Biosciences reads. The final assembly contains 15,343,750,409 bases and has a weighted average (N50) contig size of of 232,613 bases. This represents by far the most complete and contiguous assembly of the wheat genome to date, providing a strong foundation for future genetic studies of this important food crop. We also report how we used the recently published genome of Aegilops tauschii, the diploid ancestor of the wheat D genome, to identify 4,179,762,575 bp of T. aestivum that correspond to its D genome components.

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